Pulsatile Tinnitus Treatment
Pulsatile tinnitus is a rhythmic pulsing noise within the ear that is synchronous with the patient’s pulse. It is an irksome medical condition which disturbs an individual’s well being. A person who has pulsatile tinnitus in one ear or the two ears, perceive sounds when no outside sources of sound are really present. The symptoms might be severe or mild, acute or chronic and can last for many days or months. This article will talk about the causes, symptoms and cure for pulsatile tinnitus.
1. Twisted Arteries
Arteries within the body can sometimes get twisted. When this occurs to the arteries present within the region close to the ears, the head and the neck, the blood which flows via these arteries starts to circulate with some degree of disturbance. This disturbance results in rhythmic clapping or snapping sound within the ear.
2. High Blood Pressure
High blood pressure or hypertension is one of the commonest pulsatile tinnitus causes. When an individual has hypertension, this typically means that the heart is pumping harder than it needs in order to circulate blood all through the body. Thus, the sound which the blood makes as it flows through the body, in combination with other factors can produce the booming sound within the individual’s ear.
3. Muscle Spasms
The recurring clicking sound inside the ear can be caused by muscle spasms in the ear also. The small muscle connected with the stirrup bone (stapes bone) within the center ear can spasm, which produces a rumbling or cracking sound.
4. Effusion within the Mid Ear
The middle part of the ear usually contains air. However, when fluid gets into the middle ear area, either due to an inflammation, Eustachian tube dysfunction or infection, the fluid might cause pulsatile tinnitus. Aside from the rhythmic sound, the individual might also experience reduced hearing and pain.
5. Venous Hum
The biggest vein in the neck is the jugular vein. This vein passes through the mid area of the ear. Blood flow via the jugular vein might increase, in individuals who have thyroid problems, anemia or women who are pregnant. If there is a turbulent blood flow via the jugular vein, then the sound produced can be heard in the mid ear.
6. Sinus Problems
It can also be caused by sinus problems. Sinus is an ailment that affects the ears and the nasal cavity of the individual. When a patient is given sinus drugs, it is usually a strong dose of antibiotics. This medication can cause excessive deposition of mucous within the mid ear. This mucous has to be drained via the Eustachian tube, but, that is not possible for the reason that it is too thick. This can lead to ear infection.
Pulsatile Tinnitus Symptoms and Signs
A person who is suffering from tinnitus might experience the following symptoms and signs. Observing these symptoms as well as informing a healthcare professional about them will prevent the ailment from worsening.
- A persistent ringing within the ear with no external sound stimulation.
- This sound might be similar to clicking or rushing sound that is synchronous with the patient’s pulse.
- This ringing within the ear might be accompanied by hearing loss or dizziness.
- The Individual may experience mild to serious headache as well.
Healthcare professionals and other people can hear the whooshing sound observed in this condition, with the aid of appropriate equipment. This is why the condition is also called objective tinnitus. Other types of tinnitus, wherein only the sufferer can hear the noise, while other individuals cannot, is referred to as subjective tinnitus. At the outset, the physician will physically examine the neck and head. He or she will also check the nerves within these areas. After that, a hearing test (audiogram) will be performed, and dependent upon the kind of tinnitus, the doctor might carryout computed tomography scanning as well as magnetic resonance angiography. In some instances, spinal tap is performed to check the pressure of fluid in the skull as well as in the spinal cord. You might also be asked to perform a Thyroid Function Test, to exclude the likelihood of thyroid problems.
Pulsatile Tinnitus Treatment Methods
Tinnitus can affect any individual, regardless of his or her age. For this reason, it is very important to take preventive measures. Here are the treatment methods for tinnitus.
Ear Drops: Pulsatile tinnitus caused as a result of ear infections can effectively be treated with the aid of ear drops that contain hydrocortisone. This helps to alleviate the ringing noise as well as itching within the ear.
Ear Plugs: Individuals who have this disorder can make use of ear plugs. This helps to reduce unwanted as well as excessive noise.
Tinnitus Mask: This is a type of hearing aid which produces a more tolerable sound than the ringing noise which one hears. It functions as a form of distraction and helps to eliminate the ringing noise.
Use of Drugs: If ear infection is the cause of the tinnitus, then it can be treated using antibiotics. If anxiety is the cause of the tinnitus, a physician might prescribe antidepressants such as amitriptyline.
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy: The healthcare professional examines the patient’s negative beliefs, thoughts, attitudes and behavior and prescribes drugs for the same, using cognitive behavioral therapy.
Surgical operation: If an individual has chronic tinnitus, or tinnitus as a result of a benign tumor, he or she should go for surgery so as to get permanent relief.
Other Treatment Alternatives: In addition to the treatments mentioned above, an individual who has tinnitus can choose treatment methods such as biofeedback, electrical stimulation, habituation as well as counseling treatments.
The ear is an extremely delicate organ. Thus, it can become vulnerable to injuries and disorders, even without you knowing it. Thus, always give your ears proper care, keep them clean, go for regular checkups and you will not experience such problems. In addition, keep in mind that pulsatile tinnitus might be a symptom of some underlying medical ailment. Thus if you notice any tinnitus symptoms and signs, visit your ENT professional without delay.
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